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B368 Ethical Theories

 B368 Ethical Theories Essay

Traditional Moral Theories

Consequentialist (teleological)

Non- Consequentialist (deontological)

- Act in the way that brings about the very best consequences - Concentrate on the act staying perform Egoism (outcome: desirability)

Kant (ethics of duties)

Nature:

Characteristics:

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action accordingly to self-interest

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based on wishes

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free (Adam Smith)

Example:

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Correct in the event morals actors think it is correct

(rational/logical/reasonable)

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not depends on situations

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Categorical imperative- right in the event three saying survive

Tutor allows his students to in class. Morally right or perhaps пЃ¬

Correct if three maxim survive

wrong?

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M1= uniformity: you wish other follow

Problem:

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M2=right if you have human dignity

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M3= right is really as for everyone

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Create spaces

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Sporadic outcomes

Case in point:

Use of high-priced labour. Morally right or wrong?

Problem:

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Final results?

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Intricate

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Positive outlook

Utilitarianism (outcome: max. utility)

Locke (ethics of rights)

Nature:

Characteristics:

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Correct if no . benefited persons > no . suffered persons пЃ¬

Accurate if human/natural rights are provided

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Ordinaire welfare

we. e. man rights: directly to life, liberty, justice,

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Cost-benefit evaluation

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education, fair path, fair salary, …. and so forth

Example:

Example:

Animal tests. Morally correct or incorrect?

Use of child labour. Morally right or wrong?

Problem:

Problem:

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Subjective

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Unfair

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Quantify

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Distribution

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Distribution

Honest Position (This box can be irrelevant)

Rawis (theory of justice)

Absolutist

Nature:

- Moral judgments are objective, rationally identified.

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Two tests

Relativist

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Equivalent rights/realized freedoms

- Meaning judgments happen to be subjective, depends on the decision

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Create inequalities, but – arrangement to get the

manufacturer and exactly where he/she is.

worst group & gain access to for everyone...

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