The value of Literature in Education

 The Importance of Literature in Education Dissertation

Nebula4. 3, September 2007

In Search of a Remedial Idea: A Consecutive Study of Hafez and Goethe. Simply by Ismail Baroudy

Abstract In spite of a sharp gap historically segregating Hafez and Goethe by each other, the researcher extremly finds those to merit showing common psychic, social, ethnic and literary characteristics. This advocacy largely stems from the truth that the past (Hafez) practiced an unfathomable strand of multidimensional impact on the latter (Goethe). Admittedly, based on findings approached in this research, the communautaire Europe, in the time Goethe, bitterly suffered from the absence of a remedial beliefs to make on with the moral disadvantages befell upon the Europeans then simply. The specialist accordingly claims that Goethe intelligently took Hafez's oriental and Islamic tenets and values together them honestly and furtively included in his mystical and transcendental anticipations in beautifully constructed wording. He efficiently worked these people out like a healing remedy for the losses and injuries incurred upon the fellow-Europeans due to a few utilitarian battles almost ravaged the whole country. On the whole, exponent gurus including Hafez and Goethe are undeniably fortunate to be the inescapable product of some historical, cultural and social exigencies. They themselves have been indispensably trapped in to such a narrow shave to ultimately emerge inside the scene as being a couple of unforeseen sublimes consecutively matching up each other in every true perception of the word and practice. Never was your saying " great men think alike” more aptly rendered relevant than it can be of the undead Hafez of Persia (Iran) and Goethe, the multi-dimensional genius of Germany. Hafez was born about the year A. H. 720/C. E. 13201 in the city of Shiraz the capital of Pars (from which the name of Persia alone is derived) at a distance of approximately 38 a long way (about 57 Kilometers) from the ancient Achaemenian Capital, Perspolis (Takht-e-Jamshid). He then lived generally there all his life of above 75 years till his death about the year A. They would. 792/ C. E. 1390. Goethe, alternatively, was born in 1749 (28th August) at Frankfurt-am-Main and died in 1832 (22nd March) by Weimar, previously in East Germany. While there is a time gap- distance of approximately four and quarter hundreds of years between the two, there is a remarkable likeness of thinking among them. Further more, the circumstances with their life-spans are notably similar. For instance:

1- Both Hafez and Goethe lived during periods of big political hardship and disruption. About half a century earlier Shiraz, and for that matter, the full of Iran 1

The abbreviation C. E. stands for the Christian Era

Baroudy: A Progressive, gradual Study of Hafez and Goethe


Nebula4. 3, September 3 years ago

had seen the devastations of the Mongolico invasions, and the wars of consolidation. Your local empire (the Injus) had participated in much fratricidal wars, and his consumer Shah Shuja to whom he has made recommendations in his poems, was himself the product of much intrigue, criminal offense and bloodshed. Then the vicinity of Shiraz was infested simply by bands of ferocious and heartless robbers who provided a great problem of legislation and order to the local rulers. To crown, above all, scarcely had Shah Shuja completed down to a peaceful your life when the region had to face the ravages of the invasions of the world conqueror, Timure-Lang. Goethe, in this respect, was far more fortunate than his ‘twin' Hafez, whose started when he involved 45 (in 1364 A. D. ), and finished nearly 20 years later when ever his patron Shah Shuja was deterred by the expanding empire of Timur (early 1380s). Based on poems and anecdotal accounts during Shah Shuja's reign, Hafez served as a teacher at the regional madrasa, to provide a modest living for himself, and some additional revenue from your panegyric in his oeuvre. Thus, similar to Goethe, he liked a reasonably secure pattern of occupation. Hafez and Goethe both enjoyed considerable international reputation in their own lifetime, and the...

Bibliography: Bamdad, Mahmoud, Hafez Shanasi. Ibn-Sina: Tehran. (1959) Dashti, Ali, Naghsi-Az-Hafez. Ibn-Sina: Tehran. (1957) Enyclopaedia Americana. Grolier Incorporated: Danbury, Connecticut. (1998) Encyclopaedia Britanica. William Benton Publisher: Chicago, London, Barcelone. (1974) Fennell, S. Asian literature while tool intended for cultural identity creation in Europe, Goethe's Hafez. Asia Europe Journal, 3, 229-246. (2005) Goethe, Selected Passage, by David Luke, Penguin Series. (1964) Goethe, Divan-Sharqi, translated by Shuja-Ud-Din Shafa. Ibn-Sina: Tehran (1964) Greyish, Ronald, Goethe: a critical introduction C. U. P. (1967)

Baroudy: A Consecutive Examine of Hafez and Goethe


Nebula4. 3, Sept 2007

Hadadi, M. L. " The location of east and Divan-e-Hafez in Goethe's thought”. Research on Overseas Languages, 31, 5-16. (2006) Hafez, Divan-e-Hafez, Based on Revised Edition by simply Qazwini, Muhammad & Ghani, Qasem. Ghazal-Sara Publication: Tehran. (2006) Hafez, Fifty poetry, introduced and annotated by A. J. Arberry, C. U. P. (1953) Hillmann, Eileen, C, Iranian Studies, Hafez's " Turk of Shiraz”, Voice of America, VIII, 164-82. (1973) Homan, Mahmoud, What Hafez Says. Bi-Ta: Tehran. (1943) Jalali, Reza & Nazir, Ahmad, Divan-e-Hafez. Amir-Kabir: Tehran. (1991) Lahori, Iqbal, Payam-e-Sharq, Be-Pasakh-e-Shaer-e Alman Goethe. (1944) Mathew Arnold, Essays in Literary Critique, Penguin Series. (1924) Radjaie, A. Das profane-mystische Ghasal des Hafis in Ruckerts Ubersetzungen sowie in Goethes " Divan”. Schweinfurt, (2000). Schami, L. Von der Flucht eines Propheten. Offered by: (2005) Schimmel A., Orientalische Einflüsse auf expire deutsche Literatur". In: Neues Handbuch dieser Literaturwissenschaft, orientalisches Mittelalter, Bd. 5, Wiesbaden. (1990). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2007). Available at: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. (2004) Zarinkub, Abdol Hossein, Az Kuche-ye-Rindan. Amir-Kabir: Tehran. (1985) Zarinkub, Abdol Hossein, Yad-Dashtha. wa Andishe-ha. Javidan Publication: Tehran. (1983)

Baroudy: A Successive Study of Hafez and Goethe


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