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THE EFFECT OF THE YEARS INUNDATION OF THE NILE RIVER ON THE AGRICULTURE OF OLD EGYPT

 THE EFFECT OF THE YEARS INUNDATION OF THE NILE RIV ON THE AGRICULTURE OF HISTORICAL EGYPT Dissertation

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THE EFFECT OF THE ANNUAL INUNDATION FROM THE NILE RIVER

FOR THE AGRICULTURE OF ANCIENT EGYPT

A Research Paper

Published to Dr .

from the

In Partial Fulfillment

of the Requirements for the Course

GEO 1113. 01 Historical Location of Biblical Lands

in the Division of Biblical Studies

October 17, 2011

OUTLINE

Launch

I. The Nile River

II. The Annual Inundation

A. Flood Cycles

M. Flood Fluctuations

i. Low Flood

2. High Flood

III. The Irrigation of Ancient Egypt

IV. The Crops of Ancient Egypt

Conclusion

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THE EFFECT OF THE ANNUAL INUNDATION WITH THE NILE LAKE

ON THE CULTURE OF ANCIENT EGYPT

Intro

" For some Egyptians, from ancient occasions to the present, farming of some type or another is the basis of economical life. Both farming pertaining to food or farming for cash-crops and textiles, Egyptians have an extended tradition of working the land. ” 1But Egypt's climate is simply rainless and has a harsh summer warmth. How will ancient Egyptians have been in a position to farm? The response to this query is simple, the annual inundation of the Earth River. This kind of annual avalanche allowed historic Egypt to become prosperous due to abundant and diverse plants production. two 2

The Nile River

The ancient Greek historian, Herodotus, called Egypt " the gift of the Nile. ”3 Ancient Egypt life dedicated to the Earth River. Because an water sources system, a transport route and a flood source, it was the source of life. Without the Nile, Egypt probably would not have persisted. The Nile is the greatest river on the globe at some, 160 mls. The river begins in Burundi, The african continent and flow north through Egypt in the Mediterranean Sea. Over 600 kilometers flow through the land of Egypt. 5 The Nile actually commences as two rivers: the White Nile flowing by Burundi plus the Blue Earth flowing from northern Ethiopia. At the tip, the Earth splits in two parts forming the Nile Delta. From this point, the Damietta moves east plus the Rosetta goes west. a few

The Total annual Inundation

The Nile Riv provided the most important source of freshwater for Egypt. More importantly, the annual inundation made vast scale agriculture possible. Harnessing the power of the flood was your heart of ancient Egyptian agriculture. The annual inundation left the

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agricultural domains enriched with silt. The interest rate of siltation was not consistent and varied greatly. 6th Because of this silt, fertilizer was not necessary. This kind of rich fertile soil over the riverbanks that bordered the Nile was called the " Dark-colored Land. ” The route bed with the Nile River was higher than the surrounding pit, meaning that the river could only overflow certain times from the year. This was the key towards the success of Egyptian culture. The predictability of the surging allowed farming on a large scale without much human intervention. 7

Flood Periods

The " Flood” season, Akhet, were only available in June, together with the rainy season in central Africa. The rains increased the level of the river while the Nile flowed northward. The flood would leave the areas under regarding 4 ½ feet of water to get weeks. It is now time when the siltation would take place.

The floodwaters usually retreated in Sept. 2010 and the time of year of " Growth”, Peret, would start. The floodwaters would keep fertile property about 6 miles wide. The farmers would plow and herb the areas. The dry out time was referred to as " Harvest” or Shemu. The seeds would be gathered and

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the excess stored in succursale. After Shemu, Akhet could come again and the circuit would be repeated. 8

Overflow Fluctuations

Normally the gross annual inundation was reliable and gave the ancient Egyptians a comfortable your life. However , there was times when the flood will be too high or perhaps too low. These fluctuations a new major effect of the cultivation of Egypt. Historically, durations of insufficient or excessively abundant floods are connected with periods of social drop and break in historical Egypt. being unfaithful

Low Ton

Years of low flooding supposed dry...

Bibliography: " Old Egypt. " In Encyclopedia Americana, twenty one, 37-39. Foreign ed. Danbury Conn.: Scholastic Library Bar., 2005.

" Ancient Egypt. " In The World Book Encyclopedia, 135-144. 2010 ed. Chicago, IL: Community Book, 2010.

Cerveny, Randy, and Niccloe Cerveny. " Egypt & Water: The Lifeline of your Civilization. " Weatherwise 59, no . six (2006): 20-26. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed Sept. 2010 4, 2011).

Doyle, Noreen. " The Fertile Triangular. " Calliope 21, number 2 (2010): 11. MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed Aug 30, 2011).

———. " The Water of Life. " Calliope 21, no . 2 (2010): 5. MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed Aug 30, 2011).

Hassan, Fekri A., and James Graham-Campbell. " The Dynamics of any Riverine World: A Geoarchaelolgical Perspective within the Nile Area, Egypt. " World Archaeology 29, number 1 (1997): 51-74. Academics Search Top, EBSCOhost (accessed September some, 2011).

Hatch, Cynthia. " The Area of the Earth. " Faces (07491387) twenty-three, no . one particular (2006): 8. MasterFILE Most recognized, EBSCOhost (accessed August 30, 2011).

Hussein, Angela Murock. " The truly amazing Prize. " Calliope twenty-one, no . a couple of (2010): thirty-two. MasterFILE Leading, EBSCOhost (accessed August 30, 2011).

Manley, Jeanne. " Egypt. " In The World Publication Encyclopedia of People and Places, 362-375. Chi town, IL: Globe Book, Incorporation., 2003.

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